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Thread: Coil wiring questions

  1. #1
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    Coil wiring questions

    Hello, I hope everyone is having a good monday

    another question, and I tried the search feature first.. but no answers were specific enough

    my bike is a 1971 R75/5
    early wiring harness (new) with no fuses.
    I imagine all of the dual coil models are likely similar.

    today I'm trying to figure out how I'm supposed to wire the dual coil

    I have the black wire coming from the points/condenser
    and the green wire which ultimately touches the on switch, and rear brake switch

    on the coils themselves
    they are marked 1, and also 15
    I'm not familiar which of those numbers corresponds to plus or minus (like a coil I'm familiar with in a car)

    and I'm also confused with the jumper wire that goes from one coil to the other

    I mounted them with the 15 up on both sides of the bike
    and then jumped from a 15 double post, to the other side

    1) is there a second jumper wire?.... do I have a double post broken on one of my coils?
    2) is the jumper wire supposed to jump the #1 marking rather than the #15?
    3) in the clymer manual it talks about the coils grounding through the mounting brackets... I painted mine... the original stickers were under the bracket before... hindering a ground.
    Should I strip the paint from my coils due to needing that ground path?
    4) does the black wire (points/condenser) go to post 15 or 1 ?
    5) same question for the green wire (I may need to rotate my coils)

    sorry for all of the questions today
    brant
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  2. #2
    Registered User m_stock10506's Avatar
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    Capture.JPG

    This photo is from Duane Ausherman's web site. Specifically from his page on /5 ignition system explained.

    https://w6rec.com/bmw-ignition-system-explained/
    Michael Stock, Trinity, NC
    R1100RT, R100, R60/6

  3. #3
    Registered User 6322's Avatar
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    Also, hereís a link to the wiring diagram:
    http://rna.ucsc.edu/albion/bmw/images/slash5_wire.jpg,
    And your bike should have fuses located in the back of the headlight bucket, the old Volkswagen, porcelain type
    BC3FC6F8-4C00-4518-8FFA-9AEBAD21D399.jpeg
    Gary Phillips - #6322
    Wildland Firefighter, Retired, Riggins, ID
    Heartland Moto Locos BMW Riders
    '77 R100/7 Dirt Hack, '83 R80ST, '85 K100RS w/EML, '93 K1100LT, '00 R1100RS

  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by m_stock10506 View Post
    Capture.JPG

    This photo is from Duane Ausherman's web site. Specifically from his page on /5 ignition system explained.

    https://w6rec.com/bmw-ignition-system-explained/

    thank you a ton.
    without the 1/15 marked in the wiring diagrams I was still unsure
    thank you so much


    unfortunately, my bike has a very early (no fuse) wiring harness without any in the headlight bucket.

    thanks!

    brant

  5. #5
    Liaison 20774's Avatar
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    I'm usually wrong, but I think you can reverse the 1 and 15. That is, enter on one coil at 1, connect the 15 terminal to the 1 terminal on the second coil, and then 15 connects to the points. It's just a continuous wire from 1 to 15 on each coil. The diagram shows soldered joints at the coil but the wiring harness has female terminals that connect to the coil terminals.
    Kurt -- Forum Liaison ---> Resources and Links Thread <---
    '78 R100/7 & '69 R69S & '52 R25/2
    mine-ineye-deatheah-pielayah-jooa-kalayus. oolah-minane-hay-meeriah-kal-oyus-algay-a-thaykin', buddy!

  6. #6
    Registered User 6322's Avatar
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    Gary Phillips - #6322
    Wildland Firefighter, Retired, Riggins, ID
    Heartland Moto Locos BMW Riders
    '77 R100/7 Dirt Hack, '83 R80ST, '85 K100RS w/EML, '93 K1100LT, '00 R1100RS

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    that looks cool.
    my previous owner must have gotten rid of that...
    he had been into the headlight wiring... everything was spliced, and even household wire twists were used....

    thus the brand new harness from BMW
    but it did not include a fuse like that.

    what circuit/wire did the factory put that on?

    brant

  8. #8
    Registered User 6322's Avatar
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    Mine may have been added but it was probably part of the lighting circuits. Still they may be a good thing to add.
    Gary Phillips - #6322
    Wildland Firefighter, Retired, Riggins, ID
    Heartland Moto Locos BMW Riders
    '77 R100/7 Dirt Hack, '83 R80ST, '85 K100RS w/EML, '93 K1100LT, '00 R1100RS

  9. #9
    MOA #24991 Pauls1150's Avatar
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    Question (well, two actually) re: Kurt's response, for the ignition wizards:
    If the wiring at terminals 1 and 15 are reversed, that reverses the direction of the built-up charge in the primary windings of the coil.
    When the points open and that charge is inductively passed to the secondary windings, won't that result in the spark jumping from the the ground electrode of the spark plug to the center tip of the plug, instead of the typical tip-to-grounded electrode? And, is this actually an acceptable condition?

  10. #10
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    I really appreciate everyone's time and advice.
    I fixed my wiring last night.

    final question... regarding the ground path
    has anyone painted their coils ? (like I just did)

    the factory finish was black when I got them.. the stickers peeling...
    but maybe that finish was conductive? for ground...
    seemed kinda like a powdercoat was used when new... but mine were rusty.. and the finish somewhat compromised.

    I guess I should have tested conductivity before I painted.
    anyone have experience or advice?


    thanks in advance
    brant

  11. #11
    MOA #24991 Pauls1150's Avatar
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    I don't believe the coil bodies have to be grounded; the spark wiring is complete with what is shown above. (Though grounded bodies "may" reduce RFI, Radio Frequency Interference, or wide-band static noise, if you have a radio.)
    They may live longer if they're heat-sinked to a large metal mass, like the frame.
    Last edited by Pauls1150; 12-01-2021 at 05:56 PM.

  12. #12
    Liaison 20774's Avatar
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    Paul, that's why I wasn't too sure. But in the simplest terms, the coil consists of a winding of wire around a smaller winding of wire. Current flow in the outside wiring just induces energy in the inner winding. I'm not sure I see the difference in which way the current flow. But, I'm glad to learn more.
    Kurt -- Forum Liaison ---> Resources and Links Thread <---
    '78 R100/7 & '69 R69S & '52 R25/2
    mine-ineye-deatheah-pielayah-jooa-kalayus. oolah-minane-hay-meeriah-kal-oyus-algay-a-thaykin', buddy!

  13. #13
    Registered User 6322's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Pauls1150 View Post
    I don't believe the coil bodies have to be grounded; the spark wiring is complete with what is shown above. (Though grounded bodies "may" reduce RFI, RF interference, or wide-band static noise, if you have a radio.)
    They may live longer if they're heat-sinked to a large metal mass, like the frame.
    I had an ignition issue several years ago that turned out to be a broken coil mount. I welded it up and that fixed it. Never a problem after that (since Ď91). I always thought the issue was that the coil wasnít grounded through itís mount.
    Gary Phillips - #6322
    Wildland Firefighter, Retired, Riggins, ID
    Heartland Moto Locos BMW Riders
    '77 R100/7 Dirt Hack, '83 R80ST, '85 K100RS w/EML, '93 K1100LT, '00 R1100RS

  14. #14
    Liaison 20774's Avatar
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    I checked a few wiring diagrams on Snowbum's site...none show a ground connection to the body of the coil.
    Kurt -- Forum Liaison ---> Resources and Links Thread <---
    '78 R100/7 & '69 R69S & '52 R25/2
    mine-ineye-deatheah-pielayah-jooa-kalayus. oolah-minane-hay-meeriah-kal-oyus-algay-a-thaykin', buddy!

  15. #15
    MOA #24991 Pauls1150's Avatar
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    Gary, I'm bamboozled... "maybe" you had a poor ground somewhere else, and the repair compensated for it by being in parallel?

    An ignition coil is just a transformer; sometimes, if one side of the primary winding is directly connected to one side of the secondary winding, that makes it an "autotransformer".
    There is such a thing as electrically conductive paint, and maybe there is continuity between the "low" side of the coil and the case? Dunno, I've never bothered to check that on a "Good" ignition coil ... maybe somebody can do a measurement for us?

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